The Center for Development Research (ZEF) is an interdisciplinary research institute of the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms University of Bonn. ZEF is internationally recognised as one of the leading University-affiliated think tanks for its outstanding research and expertise on such crucial development themes as water resources management, land use and food security, governance, health and sanitation, environment and climate change, mobility and migration, renewable energy and science policy. ZEF has established a school of thinking on interdisciplinary development studies and contributes to strengthening the global development research community through its international Doctoral Studies Program. ZEF has been successfully conducting research activities on transboundary and upstream-downstream water governance issues during the last two decades in the major international river basins around the world, including in the Aral Sea, Mekong, Nile, and Olifants basins. Particularly in the Olifants basin, ZEF con-ducted pioneering studies on policy instruments and organisational settings that improve water allocation and reduce water pollution. ZEF’s previous research in the Olifants basin identified and assessed the transaction costs inherent to the implementation of water policy in considering heterogeneity between water users. ZEF plans to build on these extensive experiences during this project with a focus on transboundary water governance issues in the Olifants basin, and specifically in the adjacent Kruger and Limpopo National parks, together with partners and stakeholders both from South Africa and Mozambique.